Taboga Island is a volcanic island in the Gulf of Panama located about 20 km from Panama City, Panama.
The island was discovered in the 16th century and was originally named Isla de San Pedro by the Spanish explorer, Vasco Núñez de Balboa. Its current name derives from an Indian word, aboga ("many fish"). The island's first settlers were Indian slaves from Venezuela and Nicaragua.
The small town of San Pedro was founded in 1524 by Hernando de Luque, dean of the Panama cathedral. The town church of the same name is claimed to be the second oldest church in the hemisphere. Rose of Lima (1586–1617), the first Catholic saint of the Americas, may have been born on the island. French painter Paul Gauguin visited the island in 1887.
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